Below is a glossary of the most commonly used terms within the freight industry. If you have any questions, please contact us.
Additional charge for service performed (ex: inside delivery, notification prior to delivery, storage, etc.)
Number assigned to a company or person for reference to discount, address, phone number, etc.
Carrier that delivers your freight to a direct point.
A notice, furnished to the consignee, of the arrival of freight.
Shipment weight used for the purposes of rating the lowest applicable freight charges (see Deficit Weight).
A carrier which moves a shipment beyond a point of interchange with another carrier.
Document given to OD for legal tender of shipment. Contains shipper, consignee, freight description, weight, pieces and any other pertinent information.
Company or person's address where freight charges are to be billed.
The account code which designates the address to which invoices are to be forwarded.
A shipper that ships under the names of jobbers (his customers) so that the consignee cannot identify the source of the goods.
A measure of expressing when a trailer is full based upon weight, volume and shape of the commodity or a combination thereof.
Basis used to determine charges on shipment, every commodity has a class.
Freight is loaded on a trailer and awaiting driver assignment.
Charges payable at time of delivery in addition to freight charges to cover the cost of the freight, mailed to the shipper.
Accessorial charge used to collect a fee for collecting on a COD shipment; can be collect or prepaid.
A damage to the contents of a package which is apparently in good condition externally.
Loss or damage that cannot be determined until the package is opened.
Person or company receiving freight from point of origin.
Person or company shipping freight to point of destination.
A common measure of volume, calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height of an object in feet. Cubic footage of a shipment should be measured at its most extreme dimensions, including any pallet overhang.
Difference in weight used to bump freight to a higher weight group which will produce a lower rate cwt. (Example: a 490 pound shipment may be cheaper at 500 pounds, the additional 10 pounds is the deficit weight.)
The action of delivering goods to final recipient.
Document signed by the consignee verifying receipt of freight with any noted discrepancies if applicable.
Final delivery point.
A request made by a shipper on the bill of lading for the complete use of a 28-foot trailer.
Requesting a service not normally included in standard LTL freight movement, such as time-specific delivery or delivery prior to service standards.
The delivery of freight to any location other than directly adjacent to the rear of the trailer.
Shipments moving between states.
Shipments moving within one state.
A term denoting that an article is unassembled (not set up).
Damage (loss) noted before or at time of delivery.
Equipment used to deliver freight that will raise the end of the trailer to the height of the dock or down to the ground, in the absence of a dock.
Number of feet a shipment occupies on the trailer lengthwise, from the nose of the trailer to the rear.
The transporting of freight between cities or service centers. Also referred to as over the road.
A tariff-based assessment to invoice (liquidate) our incurred costs (damages) created by a customer's delayed payment of a freight bill.
Putting freight on a trailer.
Not packaged or palletized.
A minimum charge applied to any shipment less than 3 pounds per cubic foot that occupies at 350-750 cubic feet of trailer space or less than 6 pounds per cubic foot that occupies 750 cubic feet of trailer space or more. A constructed weight will be assigned to the shipment and class 125 will be applied to determine this minimum charge.
Packed one within another.
Damage discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment.
Loss discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment.
Place where freight is shipped from.
Over, short and damaged.
A term to indicate that a shipment is moving from a shipping point.
Pickup and delivery.
A wooden or plastic platform on which cargo is stored for ease of loading or unloading.
To schedule goods to be obtained by a driver for transport.
To obtain a shipment at origin or to deliver a shipment to destination.
A shipment where the collection of freight charges is to be made by the origin carrier.
A freight bill. A waybill. Source: Progressive numbering of freight bills.
A pre-numbered gummed label that is attached to the bill of lading and the articles being shipped for unique identity purposes.
A sequential number assigned to a shipment for unique identity purposes.
A properly signed and dated delivery receipt.
A 28-foot trailer.
Cost to ship product from point of origin to point of destination.
When a shipper changes or the consignee and/or destination of a shipment originally supplied on the Bill of Lading. There is an additional charge for this service.
Changing the destination of a shipment.
Delivery to any non-commercial location, including by not limited to apartments, farms, and private residences. There is an additional charge for this service.
Established runs/trips that drivers take to deliver freight.
A term denoting that an article is assembled. Not knocked down.
Person or company sending the freight to a destination.
A number assigned to a specific pick up or delivery location.
When quantity received is less than that shown on the Bill of Lading.
Platform used to brace freight or load freight for shipping.
The breaking down of a shipment before delivery can be completed.
A trailer that has been dropped at a location for loading/unloading.
Safekeeping of goods.
Charges due for storage of freight.
To remove freight from a trailer.
Prepaid or collect freight charges.
Person or company to whom freight charges are billed which is neither the shipper nor the consignee.
A shipment where the freight charges are to be invoiced to a third party.
To check the movement or current location of a shipment.
Taking freight off of a trailer and onto the dock floor.
Description of goods sent with a common carrier freight shipment.
Department responsible for reweighing and inspecting freight.