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Glossary of Terms

Accessorial Charge: Additional charge for service performed (ex: inside delivery, notification prior to delivery, storage, etc.)
Account: Number assigned to a company or person for reference to discount, address, phone number, etc.
Agent: Carrier used to deliver freight to a direct point for the convenience for OD.
Arrival Notice: A notice, furnished to the consignee, of the arrival of freight.
As Weight: Substituting the next highest incremental weight shown in a table in an effort to obtain the lowest applicable charges.
Beyond Carrier: A carrier which moves a shipment beyond a point of interchange with another carrier.
Bill of Lading: Document given to OD for legal tender of shipment. Contains shipper, consignee, freight description, weight, pieces and any other pertinent information.
Bill To: Company or person's address where freight charges are to be billed.
Bill To Code: The customer code which designates the address to which invoices are to be forwarded.
Blind Shipper: A shipper that ships under the names of jobbers (his customers) so that the consignee cannot identify the source of the goods.
Capacity Load: A measure of expressing when a trailer is full based upon weight, volume and shape of the commodity or a combination thereof.
Class: Basis used to determine charges on shipment, every commodity has a class.
Closed Out: Freight is loaded on a trailer and awaiting driver assignment.
COD: Charges payable at time of delivery in addition to freight charges to cover the cost of the freight, mailed to the shipper.
COD Fee: Accessorial charge used to collect a fee for collecting on a COD shipment; can be collect or prepaid.
Concealed Damage: A damage to the contents of a package which is apparently in good condition externally.
Concealed Loss: Loss or damage that cannot be determined until the package is opened.
Consignee: Person or company receiving freight from point of origin.
Consignor: Person or company shipping freight to point of destination.
Cubic Foot: A common measure of the capacity of a truck – 1,728 cubic feet.
Deficit Weight: Difference in weight used to “bump” freight to a higher weight group which will produce a lower rate cwt. (Example: a 490 pound shipment may be cheaper at 500 pounds – the additional 10 pounds is the deficit weight.)
Delivery: The action of delivering goods to final recipient.
Delivery Receipt: Document signed by the consignee verifying receipt of freight with any noted discrepancies if applicable.
Density: Method used to determine pounds per cubic feet (see chart).
Destination: Final delivery point.
Exclusive Use of Truck: A request made by a shipper on the bill of lading for the complete use of a vehicle.
Expediting: To accelerate a process, usually superior to a normal freight service.
Inside Delivery Charges: Accessorial charges assigned to a customer who have requested to have their freight delivered inside their place of business.
Interstate: Shipments moving between states.
Intrastate: Shipments moving within one state.
Knocked Down: A term denoting that an article is partially or entirely taken apart (not set up).
Known Damage or Loss: Damage (loss) noted before or at time of delivery.
Liftgate: Service equipment used to deliver freight that will raise the end of the trailer to the height of the dock
Linear Feet: Number of feet a shipment occupies on the trailer.
Linehaul: The transporting of freight between cities or service centers. Also referred to as “over the road”.
Liquidated Damages: A tariff-based assessment to invoice (liquidate) our incurred costs (damages) created by a customer’s delayed payment of a freight bill.
Loading: Putting freight on a trailer.
Loose: Not packaged.
Low Density Rule: Shipments occupying full trailer space with a low weight. May get charged a full trailer price due to space taken on the trailer.
LTL: Less than truck load shipment.
Nested: Packed one within another.
Noted Damage: Damage discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment.
Noted Loss: Loss discovered before or at the time of delivery of a shipment.
Origin: Place where freight is shipped from.
O S & D: Over, short and damaged.
Outbound: A term to indicate that a shipment is moving from a shipping point.
P & D: Pickup and delivery.
Pallet: A wooden or plastic platform on which cargo is stored for ease of loading or unloading.
Pickup: To schedule goods to be obtained by a driver for transport.
Pickup and Delivery: To obtain a shipment at origin or to deliver a shipment to destination.
Prepaid Shipment: A shipment where the collection of freight charges is to be made by the origin carrier.
Pro: A freight bill. A waybill. Source: Progressive numbering of freight bills.
Pro Label (Pro Sticker): A pre-numbered gummed label that is attached to the bill of lading and the articles being shipped for unique identity purposes.
Pro Number: A sequential number assigned to a shipment for unique identity purposes.
Proof of Delivery: A properly signed and dated delivery receipt.
Pup: A 28 foot trailer.
Rate: Cost to ship product from point of origin to point of destination.
Reconsign: When a shipper changes or re-routes the consignee and/or destination of a shipment. There is an additional charge for this service.
Reconsignment: Changing the destination of a shipment while it is enroute.
Residential Delivery Charge: Accessorial charges added to have a shipment delivered to a customer's residence.
Schedules: Established runs/trips that drivers take to deliver freight.
Set Up: A term denoting that an article is put together in its complete state. Not knocked down.
Shipper: Person or company sending the freight to a destination.
Shipper/Consignee Code: A number assigned to a specific pick up or delivery location.
Shortage: When quantity actually received is less than that shown on the waybill.
Skid: Platform used to brace freight or load freight for shipping.
Sort and Segregate: The breaking down of a truckload shipment into individual LTL shipments going to various consignees.
Spotted Trailer: A trailer that has been dropped at a location for loading/unloading.
Storage: Safekeeping of goods in a warehouse.
Storage Charges: Charges due for storage of freight.
Strip: To remove freight from a trailer.
Terms: Prepaid or collect freight charges.
Third Party: Person or company where freight charges are billed that is neither the shipper nor the consignee.
Third Party Shipment: A shipment where the freight charges are to be invoiced to a third party.
Trace: To check the movement of a shipment.
Unloading: Taking freight off of a trailer and onto the dock floor.
WII: Weight and inspection / inspection.
WIW: Weight and inspection / weight.
Waybill: Description of goods sent with a common carrier freight shipment.
Weight and Inspection: Department responsible for reweighing and inspecting freight.

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